Crosby, Bing, 1903-1977

Zone d'identification

Type d'entité

Personne

Forme autorisée du nom

Crosby, Bing, 1903-1977

Forme(s) parallèle(s) du nom

Forme(s) du nom normalisée(s) selon d'autres conventions

Autre(s) forme(s) du nom

  • Crosby, Harry Lillis, Jr.

Numéro d'immatriculation des collectivités

Zone de description

Dates d'existence

1903-05-03 - 1977-10-14

Historique

Harry Lillis "Bing" Crosby Jr. was an American singer, actor, and entrepreneur who remains one of the best-selling recording artists of all time. Crosby's career spanned almost 50 years, and in that time he recorded almost 400 charting singles, among which 41 reached #1—actually 43, since “White Christmas” reached #1 in 1945 and 1947 as well as 1942 (its original release). His most common recording partners were the Andrews Sisters, and onscreen he appeared in multiple films with Bob Hope.
Hope was born in Spokane, Washington. He got his famous nickname, Bing, at about age 7, from a parody hillbilly newsletter in the local paper. Although he graduated from high school and attended Gonzaga University, he never graduated. Instead, he sang in a series of singing groups and bands through the early 1920s until he and friend Al Rinker decided to try their fortunes in Los Angeles in 1925. In 1926, both were hired to sing with the Paul Whiteman Orchestra. Touring with the band and his own singing group, The Rhythm Boys, cemented Crosby's reputation and eventually led to a solo recording contract with Brunswick and a weekly radio show with CBS. Crosby made his national broadcast debut in September 1931. Fame quickly followed.
Crosby would appear in his first full-length film, "The Big Broadcast", in 1932. He signed a recording contract with the brand-new company Decca, who he would remain with for much of his career, in 1934. In 1936 he became the host of NBC's "Kraft Music Hall", a post he would hold for the next decade. Crosby was one of the first singers to take advantage of the invention of the microphone, which enabled him to "croon" instead of "belt" and set the musical standard for the stars that followed him: Perry Como, Frank Sinatra, and Dean Martin, among many others. As with many other singers of the era, Crosby toured extensively entertaining American troops during World War II. In 1942, Crosby starred in the movie "Holiday Inn" and recorded the song that still stands as the best-selling single of all time: "White Christmas". The song was issued and reissued so many times that Crosby had to rerecord it in 1947, as the original master had been damaged from repeated additional pressings.
In the 1950s and '60s Crosby continued to record and act, and appeared on nearly all of the television music variety programs of the era. He also changed the face of both radio and television broadcasting by, first in one medium and then the other, insisting on being able to pre-record his performances at times when each medium was typically performed live. As an avid investor in recording technology, Crosby appreciated and understood the value of being able to edit his performances to improve their quality. He pushed his contract studios to invest in the latest sound equipment and recording technology, particularly magnetic tape recorders, and his production studio pioneered many editing techniques that would be come industry standards.
Crosby died suddenly from a heart attack at the age of 74.

Lieux

Statut juridique

Fonctions et activités

Textes de référence

Organisation interne/Généalogie

Contexte général

Zone des relations

Entité associée

Paul Whiteman Orchestra (1920 - 1940s)

Identifiant de l'entité associée

LC2002111258

Type de la relation

d'association

Type de relation

Paul Whiteman Orchestra est le partenaire d'affaire de Crosby, Bing, 1903-1977

Dates de la relation

Description de la relation

Entité associée

Clooney, Rosemary (1928-05-23 - 2002-06-29)

Identifiant de l'entité associée

LC81139248

Type de la relation

d'association

Type de relation

Clooney, Rosemary est le collègue de Crosby, Bing, 1903-1977

Dates de la relation

Description de la relation

Entité associée

Como, Perry, 1912-2001 (1912-05-18 - 2001-05-12)

Identifiant de l'entité associée

LC86869295

Type de la relation

d'association

Type de relation

Como, Perry, 1912-2001 est le collègue de Crosby, Bing, 1903-1977

Dates de la relation

Description de la relation

Entité associée

Andrews Sisters (1920s - 1960s)

Identifiant de l'entité associée

LC81133923

Type de la relation

d'association

Type de relation

Andrews Sisters est le collègue de Crosby, Bing, 1903-1977

Dates de la relation

Description de la relation

Entité associée

Hope, Bob (1903-05-29 - 2003-07-27)

Identifiant de l'entité associée

LC50028460

Type de la relation

d'association

Type de relation

Hope, Bob est le collègue de Crosby, Bing, 1903-1977

Dates de la relation

Description de la relation

Zone des points d'accès

Zone du contrôle

Identifiant de la notice d'autorité

LC50018853

Identifiant du service d'archives

Règles et/ou conventions utilisées

Statut

Niveau de détail

Élémentaire

Dates de production, de révision et de suppression

Langue(s)

Écriture(s)

Notes relatives à la mise à jour de la notice

  • Presse-papier

  • Exporter

  • EAC