Basie, Count, 1904-1984

Zone d'identification

Type d'entité

Personne

Forme autorisée du nom

Basie, Count, 1904-1984

Forme(s) parallèle(s) du nom

Forme(s) du nom normalisée(s) selon d'autres conventions

Autre(s) forme(s) du nom

  • Basie, William James

Numéro d'immatriculation des collectivités

Zone de description

Dates d'existence

1904-08-21 - 1984-04-26

Historique

William James "Count" Basie is one of America's best-known jazz musicians. He was a pianist, bandleader, and composer. As a teenager and young adult in the 1920s, Basie met and performed with a variety of recognized names in Harlem: Duke Ellington, Louis Armstrong, and Fats Waller, among others. In 1929 he joined up with Bennie Moten in Kansas City, acting as both pianist and co-arranger for the band. When Moten died in 1936, Basie formed his own band, largely from its former members. It was this core group that ended up improvising their way into one of Basie's early hits, "One O'Clock Jump," and brought them to the attention of record producers.
After an extended engagement in Chicago that allowed "Count Basie and His Barons of Rhythm" to refine their sound, Basie moved the band back to Harlem. They played at the Woodside Hotel, the Roseland Ballroom, and eventually the Savoy. Although Basie hired arrangers for the band, the group often worked out their numbers in rehearsals and then performed the partially improvised pieces from memory. In 1939, the band did a cross-country tour and performed on the West Coast for the first time. Although World War II caused a lot of member turnover, Basie remained famous for keeping an enthusiastic band that played with infectious good cheer and featured a continuous string of talented jazz instrumentalists and singers. However, declining interest in swing and traditional big band sound led him to disband the group after the war ended.
But Basie continued to perform with other groups, and in 1952 he ended up reforming his group with new members, working strains of bebop, rhythm and blues, and early rock'n'roll into his arrangements and working as a more organized ensemble than he had previously. In 1958, Basie headed to Europe with the new band. Post-war Europe loved jazz and had already welcomed a number of American expatriates who were happy to perform with Basie's band. The 1960s were filled with tours, television appearances, and recording with the likes of Frank Sinatra, Ella Fitzgerald, and Tony Bennett. Basie maintained the classic big band sound into the 1980s despite music trends and more changes in personnel. He died from pancreatic cancer at the age of 79. The band, led by former members, continues to record and perform today.

Lieux

Statut juridique

Fonctions et activités

Textes de référence

Organisation interne/Généalogie

Contexte général

Zone des relations

Entité associée

Armstrong, Louis, 1901 - 1971 (1901-08-04 - 1971-07-06)

Identifiant de l'entité associée

LC50001506

Type de la relation

d'association

Type de relation

Armstrong, Louis, 1901 - 1971 est le collègue de Basie, Count, 1904-1984

Dates de la relation

Description de la relation

Entité associée

Ellington, Duke, 1899-1974 (1899-04-29)

Identifiant de l'entité associée

LC50080187

Type de la relation

d'association

Type de relation

Ellington, Duke, 1899-1974 est le collègue de Basie, Count, 1904-1984

Dates de la relation

Description de la relation

Entité associée

Fitzgerald, Ella (1917-04-25)

Identifiant de l'entité associée

LC83021406

Type de la relation

d'association

Type de relation

Fitzgerald, Ella est le collègue de Basie, Count, 1904-1984

Dates de la relation

Description de la relation

Entité associée

Count Basie Orchestra (1935 - 1984)

Identifiant de l'entité associée

LC82026471

Type de la relation

hiérarchique

Type de relation

Count Basie Orchestra est contrôlé par Basie, Count, 1904-1984

Dates de la relation

Description de la relation

Zone des points d'accès

Zone du contrôle

Identifiant de la notice d'autorité

LC81016968

Identifiant du service d'archives

Règles et/ou conventions utilisées

Statut

Niveau de détail

Élémentaire

Dates de production, de révision et de suppression

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Notes relatives à la mise à jour de la notice

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